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tv   Newsline  PBS  August 7, 2014 12:00am-12:31am PDT

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>> welcome to "newsline." it's thursday, august 7th. i'm catherine kobyoshi, in tokyo. they've seen a temporary cease fire take hold, but it's scheduled to end on friday. the leaders are not talking face-to-face. egyptian mediators are serving as a go-between. they skppt the two sides won't reach a deal before friday. sources close to hamas say the truce be extented for 48 hours. they say the hamas negotiators
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agree to the proposal and are waiting for the israelis to respond. residents are seeing some things return to the way they're supposed to be. this man lost a cousin, his factory and his home. everything precious to me is gone. >> international health experts have gathered for an emergency meeting to try to stop the spread of ebola. specialists with the world health organization are in geneva discussing the outbreak in west africa. they're deciding whether the virus proposes a global threat.
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the w.h.o. officials are meeting in geneva. they're discussing the possibility that the virus will spread beyond the west african countries. they'll also recommend measures to prevent it from spreading further. w.h.o. officials say the 2009 swine flu pandemic and the need for polio testing in ten countries in may both constituted public health emergencies of international concern. officials with saudi arabia's health ministry say a saudi man who visited sierra leone has died. he developed symptoms of a viral hemorrhagic fever. if confirmed, it would be the first ebola-related death outside of africa.
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the plane was shot down last month with 298 people on board. dutch authorities are leading the investigation. government forces and pro-russian separatists have been fighting in the area. the dutch leader says it's too dangerous to continue. >> this evening, the prime minister announced that the mh 17 recovery mission cannot continue at the present time. this means that tomorrow, our police personnel and experts will not be searching the area. >> one hundred investigators have been working at the sight. they'll resume their work if the situation improves. in the meantime, they'll ask people who live in the area to hand over items they may have taken from the site.
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cam bode yans who live through a reign of terror have waited decades for justice. now, a u.n.-backed tribunal is set to deliver its first verdict. they argue that man cannot avoid responsibility for actions taken by those at the heart of the regime. overseeing the exdos in the 1970s from millions of people in c cambodian towns and cities.
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rescue workers in china are racing against time to find survivors of sunday's earthquake in the southwestern province of yunnan. china's state-run xinhua news agency says the death toll from the magnitude 6.5 quake has reached 589. the quake hit ludian county in zhaotong city on sunday. chinese media says an 88-year-old woman was rescued from her collapsed home on tuesday, 50 hours after the quake. she broke her ribs but her injuries are said to be not life-threatening. the chance of survival for those trapped in the rubble is expected to drop sharply now that the 72-hour mark was reached on wednesday afternoon. rescue workers face a challenge as the area is mountainous and landslides have cut off many roads and bridges. china plans to punish some global carmakers for what it says are monopolistic practices. local media in china say the
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companies are suspected of illegally setting high prices for auto accessories and servicing. >> translator: we found chrysler and audi clearly engaged in monopolistic acts. in a few days, they will be subject to punishment accordingly. >> li is a spokesperson of the national development and reform commission, china's top economic planning agency. he added the commission will also punish 12 japanese automotive companies for anti-competitive pricing for parts. but he did not identify the businesses or elaborate on punishments. li said authorities are also investigating dealers that handle mercedes-benz vehicles. he told reporters the move is to maintain competition in the chinese auto market and protect consumer interests. every year, people from all according to the ewe nighted
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nations children's fund, nearly half the population practices open defecation. >> problems caused by the absence of toilets are more serious in full rural areas. house homd toilets are rare in villages with no sewage systems. unicef estimates that 600,000 children in india die from diarrhea or infectious diseases each year.
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>> i'm worried. he often gets sick like this. >> a woman living in the northern indian village has been trying to change the situation. when she married, two years ago, she moved to the house of her husband's family. but it had no toilet. she urged the family to get one, but they refused. so she left the house in protest and returned to her own parents' home. her defined stance was almost unthinkable for women in the region. a local newspaper told her story and praised her as a courageous woman who raised her voice.
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snail have they have promolted the use of household toilets among local people. >> i'm glad my action has drawn people's attention to the toilet problem. >> brianca has high hopes with a newly-elected prime minister who took office in may. >> i will see toilets and other item that is are indispensable
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for people's lives are installd in all households. >> whern he served as a chief minister, he improved local infrastructure. now, as prime minister, he has designated the spread of private toilets as a priority item. >> translator: now that prime minister modi made a promise to the people, i hope he will live up to his words. i will continue my activities until all the people get toilets in their homes. the insufficient number of toilets are blamed for dragging down india's economic growth. the question is whether a new administration can seize a serious and widespread public problem. nhk world, new dehli.
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>> the syrian capital of damascus was seen as a cultural hub. the syrian capital of damascus was once considered a cultural hub, but many people have been forced to flee the city because of an ongoing civil war. some dedicated syrian artists in other parts of the world are keeping their traditions alive. nhk world's akira saheki reports. >> reporter: ayyam gallery in dubai displays outstanding works by artists from throughout the middle east. the work of syrian artists has been attracting a lot of attention here. this piece is called "hope." it features multi-colored objects that look like rows of fingers. the objects resemble the flags of many countries. they bring to mind a world in which people live together in harmony. some works offer deep reflections on the effects of the civil war. here, an image of a building in damascus that was destroyed by
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war is combined with gustav klimt's masterpiece "the kiss." mohannad orabi is a young syrian artist who fled dubai in 2014. his portraits express a variety of human emotion. before the war, the most distinctive feature was large eyes covered over with paint. but the changes in syria transformed orabi's style. he began to paint the eyes in detail. >> these eyes can tell more stories. sadness, but i believe in hope. in my mentality, the light is a hope.
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so this dark in the eyes is like a light in front of us. we believe in hope. >> reporter: this gallery has become a safe haven for syrian artists in exile. hisham samawi is syrian. he and his cousin own the gallery. he used to promote young and unknown artists in his gallery in damascus. but the civil war forced him to move the main gallery to dubai. >> we had to make that decision. it turned out to be the right decision. we had to make a tough decision that if things got ugly quickly there, we wouldn't be able to protect the artists and the artworks that there were there. >> reporter: ammar al beik is one of syria's most prominent film makers. his short film "the sun's incubator" depicts the everyday life of a family with a newborn baby. it's a commentary on the
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so-called arab spring. audiences praised it at the venice film festival and elsewhere. in 2011, he found out that the syrian government had arrested many of his film maker colleagues. he thought he would be arrested. he asked samawi for help and fled to dubai. >> sometimes i feel guilty because i have a lot of friends that cannot go outside syria. this is why i feel guilty. >> reporter: al beik is working on a feature film. it tells the story of the life of a syrian painter over the past three years. he feels it's his responsibility
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to tell the world about the situation in syria. >> i feel my art and my films, it's the key to opening a new window, new door, new future. this is why i'm working. >> reporter: even in exile, these artists keep their homeland in their hearts. they continue their fight to keep syrian art alive. akira saheki, nhk world, dubai. they're looking into unresolved problems at the fuel collar plant. what they found has changed their understanding of what's happening inside. two years ago, members of the government panel releeszed their final report on the accident.
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early on march 13, two days after the disaster. the latest findings from tokyo electric power company show the cooling system had already stopped functioning more than six hours before. the finding suggests fuel rods started melting earlier than they believed. and more melted fuel would have dropped to the bottom of the vessel. that makes the removal of the fuel more difficult than expected. officials found more problems. after the accident, crews use fire engines to inject water into reaction tore two. it may raised the temperature. that sped up the meltdown. a man who has been striving to visit japan has fulfilled his dream. he arrived to see his father's
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home country as a japanese citizen. authorities in the philippines had refused to let him leave. they say he stayed in a country illegally for 70 years. he arrived in japan on wednesday evening. he was born and raised on the southern philippine island. his mother was a filipino and his father a japanese who moved to the southeast asian country before world war two. his father went missing after being drafted by japanese authorities to fight in the war. he obtained japanese nationality in march. he planned a visit to japan. but the philippine authorities refused him permission. they said he had to pay a fine worth more than $30,000 before leaving. a support group and the japanese embassy urged authorities to reconsider the case. the immigration office allowed him to make the trip on humanitarian grounds. he plans to travel to the southwest to meet his relatives.
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a leading japanese-american lawyer who ones advised a u.s. president has died. he was 86 years old. he was a member of an advisory committee for trade negotiations during the carter administration in the 1970s and early 1980s. he served as president of the japanese-american association of new york. he provided legal and business strategic advice to japanese companies in the u.s. for more than 50 years. he contributed to enhancing ties between the two countries. they've done it with the help of a visually impaired mother eager to share the joy of reading with her kids. >> guri and gura, two mouse brothers who love eating.
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sincefuls publish, the book has sold 6 million copies. it's considered a beloved masterpiece. treasured from one generation to the next. she has had no sight since birth. she and a team of volt untiers have run picture books to blind parents and children. a team has converted regular picture books into picture editions. they also created a relief effect by using cutouts. >> translator: when my boy was hospitalized, i heard a woman reading books to her son. i could just picture the boy looking at the book intently. i became envious and thought if only i could see. >> once, ting tried converting
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the copies to braille but it took months to complete a single book. so she approached a publisher to make guri and gura especially for blind parents. she succeeded. the company decided to make a braille edition on the 50th anniversary of the book's public case. long-story picture books in pray are often bound with rings to avoid pressing the pages. on a page like this, the ring would go right through the picture of the egg. this ruins the composition of the picture. >> the bookbinding company came up with a solution. they entered a rim so that no pressure would be applied to the page itself. so the braille dolts and raised pictures are not flattened.
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at last, 5,000 editions were printed in braille. they were done in patterns so they could be recognized by touch. this two-page spread features many animals. each is overlayed with a larger version to enable readers to see the details. the long-held dream has finally come true. >> translator: i can identify immediately. i'm so happy it's finally been done. >> this family gets a lot of enjoyment out of a special book.
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terasowa has been blind since birth. she has two sons. she had always wanted to read to her children. now, at last, she can. >> which one is guri? does he feel rougher? >> this one is guri. >> i love sharing the experience with my children. of touching the pictures and recognizing the characters as we read along. >> the braille edition of guri and gura, is the monument to the wishes of blind parents. >> it's time now for a check of the weather. two storms close together in the central pacific are making their way towards the u.s. state of hawaii.
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>> it's quite a rare site, two hurricanes heading towards the islands of hawaii. some tourists are cancelling trips. cancelling trips even. a lot of japanese people are out there in the islands of hawaii. it's one of the favorite destinations for summer vacation. this is iselle. it may not downgrade. it could hit the big island as a hurricane. we do have hurricane warnings in place over the big island and then a tropical storm as it moves over land downgrades into a tropical storm. no matter the intensity, you are likely to feel stormy conditions and threatening surfs. be aware of this. a lot of trips will be canceled.
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not a good enough break at all. we have another one chasing after this. this is julio. it may take a similar path. it will pass and not really hitting the island directly. still do watch out if you are going to be venturing out across these locations. we are monitoring another storm system. this is a strong typhoon. it's packing gusts of 200 kilometers per hour and is and very strong winds as well as waves across okinawa. also gusts about 200 kilometer per hour. they will see 200 millimeters of rainfall. it's surging where the flooding has killed several people and the warm moist is over the salt front from eastern china through the korean peninsula. south of this system will see heavy rainfall. we have reports of 170 millimeters across tahoku. these areas are prone to flooding. landslides, mudslides, these are very huge concerns. enough rainfall that could trigger further flooding. tokyo will be very hot again at 34 degrees. a lot of heat advisories in place in central japan. with the upper cold air
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combined, unstable conditions. we may see afternoon and evening thunder showers. let's talk about europe where the forest fires. it's hot and dry. this is what happened. sweden, this is. smoke produced by one of the largest wildfires in recent history in sweden which hampers efforts to put out the blaze. looks like the similar conditions will remain in place. it's going to be very difficult for those rescuers -- the
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firefighters to con the fire. we are likely to see severe weather stretching from the scandinavian peninsula into the mediterranean area. the heat is there prevailing across much of the east, warsaw, 26, and kiev reaching 30. i will leave you now for the extended forecast. that's all for this edition of "newsline." i'm catherine kobayashi in
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tokyo. thanks for joining us.
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today'sations voices comes to you from mumbai, india, to speak to a man who has workeded for many years to drive the country's economic growth. as one of the brics countries, india has had a major impact on the global economy, but in recent years, it has experienced a slowdown. the people elected economic reformer narendra modi by a landslide in the last general election and has vowed to turn things around. we spoke with ratan ,

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